What Is Financial Structure?

Financial structure refers to the mix of debt and equity that a company uses to finance its operations. This composition directly affects the risk and value of the associated business. The financial managers of the business have the responsibility of deciding the best mixture of debt and equity for optimizing the financial structure.

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1. Hokkaido, Japan-Though known primarily to the outside world for its ski resorts and powdery snow, Hokkaido's year-round beauty might soon become a more familiar sight to foreign visitors. The new bullet-train service from Tokyo should help.
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法学、工学、医学的毕业生签约月薪较高,平均值分别是5545元、4512元、4500元,同去年相比略有下降,而教育学、农学的毕业生签约月薪偏低,分别为3258元和3184元。

Understanding Financial Structure

Companies have several choices when it comes to setting up the business structure of their business. Companies can be either private or public. In each case, the framework for managing the capital structure is primarily the same but the financing options differ greatly.

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However, five Beijing-based travel agents said they were still selling South Korea tours for March, as was China’s largest online travel company Ctrip. Representatives at the top three state-owned airline carriers in China told Bloomberg they had not received instructions to halt ticket sales to the country.
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The bulk was due to underlying global warming caused largely by rising emissions of carbon dioxide, the main man-made greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil fuels, such as coal and oil.
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Chinese people are intelligent and hardworking and they have an inexhaustible drive for pursuing a better life for themselves. The government needs to create the enabling environment for our people to fully use their talent and initiative.

Private versus Public

Private and public companies have the same framework for developing their structure but several differences that distinguish the two. Both types of companies can issue equity. Private equity is created and offered using the same concepts as public equity but private equity is only available to select investors rather than the public market on a stock exchange. As such the equity fundraising process is much different than a formal initial public offering (IPO). Private companies can also go through multiple rounds of equity financing over time which affects their market valuation. Companies that mature and choose to issue shares in the public market do so through the support of an investment bank that helps them to pre-market the offering and value the initial shares. All shareholders are converted to public shareholders after an IPO and the market capitalization of the company is then valued based on shares outstanding times market price.

目前我在创业领域中所关注的大趋势之一是“接触或获得的权利”。创新者们正在将曾经昂贵的、耗时的,或是不可能获得或效率极低的产品带给消费者。无论是学习新技能、激发新兴趣,亦或是叩开此前成本高昂的市场,创业家们正在寻找全新的方式来将独一无二且术业专攻的产品带向更为主流的市场。我们开始看到合作消费商业模式中出现了这个趋势,而我预测,我们将在未来几年看到“基于接触或获得的权利”商业模式的潮涌。
36岁的阿德里亚娜·利马排在第四位,其收入为1050万美元,初为人母的罗西·亨廷顿-怀特利(950万美元)与25岁的卡莉·克劳斯(900万美元)分别位列榜单的第六位和第七位。
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其他人将想方设法利用技术来帮助人们减少上网时间。谷歌(Google)前雇员特里斯坦哈里斯(Tristan Harris)发起的“时光莫虚度”(Time Well Spent)运动正在吸引人气,该运动鼓励设计者理解他们所控制的微妙的心理力量,以解决其所称的“数字注意力危机”。据Recode报道,曾经在Pinterest和Facebook工作的蒂姆肯德尔(Tim Kendall),计划成立一家专注于对抗设备上瘾的初创公司。
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5月30日,日本南部海岸附近发生了强烈地震,使中国民众担心,继2011年后,类似海啸和福岛核电站熔融的大灾难会再次发生。不过,最后并没有出现人员死亡或重大损毁的报道。
2017年,衡量工业品出厂价格、反映经济活力的主要指标--生产者物价指数(PPI)上涨6.3%,结束了自2012年以来的连续下降态势。2016年PPI下降1.4%。

Debt versus Equity

注:本文转载自前十网,译者:Carrie
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Airlines with operations based west of the Rockies boast the fewest flights that arrive late during the holidays, according to data compiled for Forbes.com by FlightAware.
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电子商务巨头亚马逊首次进入汤森路透2015年全球创新百强名单,而世界上最大科技服务公司IBM却未能上榜。

Overall, financial managers consider and evaluate the capital structure by seeking to optimize the 建材行业成资本市场宠儿 (WACC). WACC is a calculation that derives the average percentage of payout required by the company to its investors for all of its capital. A simplified determination of WACC is calculated by using a weighted average methodology that combines the payout rates of all of the company’s debt and equity capital.

Metrics for Analyzing Financial Structure

“这不是可持续的增长,因为它们并未被租出去,当地市场的喊价者们并不会购买。”
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11月份,财新赞助的中国综合PMI指数读数为50.5。这是自7月份以来,该指数首次超过50这个区分收缩和扩张的荣枯线。
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Data for calculating capital structure metrics usually come from the balance sheet. A primary metric used in evaluating financial structure is a debt to total capital. This provides quick insight on how much of the company’s capital is debt and how much is equity. Debt may include all of the liabilities on a company’s balance sheet or just long-term debt. Equity is found in the shareholders’ equity portion of the balance sheet. Overall, the higher the debt to capital ratio the more a company is relying on debt.

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Thirty-six Chinese brands have made it onto the list this year. Among them, eight are in the top 100, including the State Grid Corporation of China (36), the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) (40), Tencent (43), China Central Television (CCTV) (62), Haier (76), China Mobile (79), Huawei (81) and Lenovo (90).

Key Takeaways

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  • 根据康奈尔大学、英士国际商学院和世界知识产权组织联合发布的这一份报告,这使得中国成为中等收入经济体中该指标的领先者,紧随其后的是已经超过巴西的印度。